Our second paragraph will look like this: The foremost problem caused by sea levels creeping up is the flooding of peoples residences. . Millions of people all over the world live in coastal areas and if the sea rises by even a few feet, they will be inundated with water and lose their property. . Shelter is one of the most basic of human needs and widespread flooding would cause millions of people to become homeless, not to mention losing all of their possessions. . The devastation brought about by this was clear for all to see during the 2011 Tsunami in Japan, in which millions of people were displaced. Now we must move on to our solutions. Solutions Paragraph Our solutions paragraph will have this structure: Sentence 1- State solution Sentence 2- Explain how the solution will solve the problem Sentence 3- Example State solution : A possible solution to this problem would be to build flood barriers.
Obesity, problem and Solutions
Explain : Millions of people all over the world live in coastal areas and if the sea rises by even a target few feet, they will be inundated with water and lose their property. Now that we have explained what our main point is we need to explain why this is a problem. First, explain the what and then the why. Result : Shelter is one of the most basic of human needs and widespread flooding would cause millions of people to become homeless, not to mention losing all of their possessions. Now we must give an example of what we are talking about. When we give an example, it should be as specific as possible. An example of a very general example would be: Lots of people in the world have experienced floods recently. This is far too general to be considered a good example. Example : The devastation brought about by widespread flooding was clear for all to see during the 2011 Tsunami in Japan, in which millions of people were displaced. This example is much more specific. Stating a place and/or date can help you make your examples more specific.
This is because this particular question writers does not ask us for our opinion. However, ielts problem solution questions sometimes do ask you for your opinion and you should then include a thesis statement. Problems Paragraph Our problems paragraph will have this structure: Sentence 1- State problem Sentence 2- Explain what problem is Sentence 4- What is the result of this problem Sentence 5- Example State problem : The foremost problem caused by climbing sea levels is the flooding. Now that we have stated the problem, we must explain what this. You should always consider your audience to be someone with no specialist knowledge in this area and you, therefore, need to explain what everything means. Dont assume that the ielts examiner is an educated person and knows what you are talking about. These assumptions will stop you writing what you need.
As you can see above, i have used synonyms to change the words of the questions but it still has the same meaning. The examiner will be looking for your ability to do this in the exam, so it is a good idea essay to practice this skill. Our outline sentence is next and this tells the examiner what they are going to read in the rest of the essay. This makes it very clear to the examiner and makes the rest of the essay much easier to understand. You will, therefore, business gain marks for coherence and cohesion. Our outline sentence should look something like this: This essay will first suggest that the biggest problem caused by this phenomenon is the flooding of homes and then submit building flood protection as the most viable solution. Our introduction will, therefore, look like this: Climate change is among the principal dangers facing people this century and ocean levels are increasing dramatically. This essay will first suggest that the biggest problem caused by this phenomenon is the flooding of homes and then submit building flood protection as the most viable solution. It should be noted that this introduction does not contain a thesis statement.
Practice and see what you feel most comfortable doing. For more structures check out our ielts task 2 structures guide. Now lets look at each paragraph in more detail. Introduction The introduction will have two sentences: a paraphrase of the question and an outline statement. Paraphrasing is simply saying the sentence again with different words but with the same meaning. We can do this by using synonyms and/or changing the order of the words. Question- Global warming is one of the biggest threats humans face in the 21st Century and sea levels are continuing to rise at alarming rates. Paraphrased- Climate change is among the principal dangers facing people this century and ocean levels are increasing dramatically.
Problem, solution, essay, obesity - by sindy3
There are several problems and solutions including: Problem : flooding of peoples homes and businesses Solution : build flood barriers or move to higher areas Problem : loss of agricultural land and starvation Solution : switch to more suitable crops Problem : displacement of millions. For each problem, you should think of a solution that directly solves this problem. You now have reports lots of ideas, but now you must decide which ones to use. I always tell my students to pick the ones you know most about. That you can explain and give relevant examples. Structure i advise my students to use a basic four paragraph structure with all problem solution ielts essays.
You four paragraphs should look something like this: Paragraph 1- Introduction Paragraph 2- Problems Paragraph 3- solutions Paragraph 4- conclusion At a sentence level, your structure should look like this: Introduction Sentence 1- paraphrase question Sentence 2- outline sentence (say what you will discuss. 11 sentences that can be used again and again for any problem solution ielts essay. Some students have commented that this structure only has one problem and one solution and they are worried this will not be enough to get to 250 words. In my experiences, one problem and one solution is more than enough to answer the question properly, but if you prefer, feel free to add one more problem or solution. I wouldnt have two problems and two solutions because this will either lead to you not expanding and explaining your ideas enough or take too much time to write.
The action words are problems and solutions. Our task is, therefore, to write about that and only that. It does not ask our opinion or about the disadvantages and advantages or about the causes, just the problems and solutions. If we talked about the causes of sea level rise, then we would not be answering the question. For more information on how to effectively analyse an ielts question, please go to our post here.
How to Think of Ideas Now that we know exactly what the question is asking us to do, we need to think of specific and relevant ideas. There are many strategies for thinking of ideas for ielts task 2 questions but for problem solution questions I like to use something called the coffee shop method. Instead of brainstorming or mind-mapping- which take too much time and lead to irrelevant ideas in my opinion- you should just pretend you are in a coffee shop with a friend and they have just asked you a simple question. In this case, it would be What are the problems and solutions associated with sea level rise on humans? If you were talking to a friend about this, Im sure you would have no problem thinking of at least 2 or 3 problems and solutions. This method takes you out of an exam situation and puts your mind into a more relaxed environment. Try it and see. If you dont like it, try one of my other methods.
Problem solving essay essays
If we look at this question we can see that the keywords are global warming. This is our general topic. We are going to write about this, writing but we cannot write about any problems associated with global warming. If we do this, we have not answered the question properly. We, therefore, need to look at the micro-keywords. The micro-keywords are humans and sea level rise. So instead of writing just about the huge topic of global warming and any problems associated with that (such as increased storms, extinction of certain animals, erosion of soil we have to talk about how particularly sea level rises will affect humans. If for example, we talked about the problems affecting the planet or animals or the atmosphere, we would not be answering the question.
Analysing the question, this is one of the most crucial parts of answering any ielts writing question. If you dont take the time to properly think about what the examiner is asking you to do, then it is very difficult to answer the question correctly. We analyse the question by thinking about three things: keywords micro-keywords action words. Keywords are about the words that tell us what the general topic. Micro-keywords identify which part of the general topic the examiner wants you to talk about. They often give an opinion, qualify the statement or talk about a sub-category of the bigger general topic. Action words tell us what the examiner wants us. Problem Solution Sample Essay, global warming is one of the biggest threats humans face in the 21st Century and sea levels are continuing to rise at alarming rates. What problems are associated with this and what are some possible solutions.
than ideas that generally talk about the overall issue. This has a lot to do with how you identify keywords and micro-keywords in the questions which we will look at below. Lots of people think of good ideas for problems and then fail to link their solutions to these problems. Each problem should have a solution that is directly linked to it, or in other words, should solve the actual problem. Finally, some candidates think of really good problems and solutions that answer the question properly and then expand their answers with explanations and examples, but they talk too generally. Instead, you should be thinking of specific examples and explanations. We will look at how to avoid this below.
Problem Solution Essay, this lesson on how to write a problem solution essay will: discuss common resume mistakes; show you how to analyse the question; show you how to think of ideas; give you a structure that can be used again and again on all problem solution. Problem solution essays one of the most common ielts writing task 2 questions on the academic paper. Despite being very common, lots of students fail to do well in these questions. This post will look at some of the most common mistakes and then take you through how to answer these questions step-by-step. Common Mistakes, the most common mistake for problem solution essays is not expanding on your ideas and instead simply listing lots of problems and solutions. The examiner does not want a list of all the problems and solutions you can think of and please dont do this in the exam. Instead, if you look at how the exam is marked, the examiner wants you to pick one or two problems and solutions and then expand on them with explanations and examples.
Problem, solving, essay, topics to write About topics, sample papers
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